What Concrete Should Be Used for Different Construction Projects

Are you planning to construct your new dream house? Or perhaps you want to renovate your existing home? Be it a small scale project or large-scale, choosing the right concrete material is the key to any successful project. People in the past used mortar and steel from steel suppliers Brisbane, but nowadays concrete has become the primary construction element. It is almost everywhere; roads, buildings, bridges, driveways, pools and much more.

What Concrete is Best for My Project?

This post will help you understand which concrete to select for which type of construction project.

1. Concrete Pools

Three following types of concrete can be used for constructing a pool – Shotcrete, Gunite or Cast-in-place. Shotcrete and Gunite concrete can be moulded into any shape with the use of a specialised spray, while cast-in-place concrete is a little harder to mould into a desired shape.

2. Driveways/Pathways

While using concrete for driveways and patios is obviously very common, the primary factors to consider are regarding thickness, the concrete mix, thickness of the sub-base and slope of the concrete.

3. Domestic Homes

Concrete can be used as more than infrastructure to build modern and sleek homes. Polished floors, bathrooms, concrete benchtops are some of the areas where concrete can be used to create a breathtaking structure.

Types of concrete

There are broadly the following 9 types of concrete:

1) Plain Concrete:

This type of concrete is the simplest and doesn’t require any kind of reinforcement. Usually, this concrete is ideal for use in buildings, footpaths, pavements, and those areas which don’t require high strength. Concrete prices in Brisbane vary according to the application.

2) Rapid Strength Concrete:

It acquires strength just after a few hours of its preparation which ensures quick construction of buildings and roads.

3) High-performance Concrete:

As the name suggests, high-performance concrete displays a high level of performance possessing rapid strength gain, easy placement, high permeability, high durability, and life-term mechanical properties.

4) Roller Compacted Concrete:

This type of concrete in Brisbane is placed and then road rollers are used to compact it. It provides higher density and requires less cement.

5) Reinforced Concrete:

Reinforcement basically means mixing steel rods, bars, or mesh into the concrete to improve the overall strength. Reinforced concrete finds application in the construction of columns, bridges, ceilings and any other structures like these which require a high level of strength.

6) Ready-mix Concrete:

It is ready to use obviously, but one should take care of the time required for its transportation. If there is an unexpected delay, then the concrete may harden making it pretty much useless.

7) Stamped Concrete:

Generally, interior floors and patios use stamped concrete in order to give that aesthetic look and feel. This type of concrete is used to create many realistic patterns like natural stones, granites, and tiles.

8) Vacuum Concrete:

This type of concrete contains a high proportion of water and its preparation involves suction of any excess water using a pump. This concrete achieves strength in just ten days.

9) Glass Concrete:

This is a type of modern concrete that uses recycled glass as aggregate. It is used to give an aesthetic feel to any structure for which it is used.

Reocrete is one of the best concrete suppliers in Brisbane who deliver the right grade and consistency of concrete to your worksite. The above points might confuse you slightly, but that’s okay, for any additional information, just chat with the experts at Reocrete!

How to Minimise Plastic Shrinkage Cracking

Plastic shrinkage cracking occurs as a result of how fast the concrete surface dries in comparison to the rest of the concrete. According to concrete suppliers in Brisbane, plastic shrinkage tends to form when the concrete is still plastic. Plastic shrinkage may take place any time throughout the year whether the weather is cold, hot, windy, or low humid. It is worth noting that plastic shrinkage cracks take place in an arbitrary manner or they will be parallel to each other. Most often these cracks are straight and their length may vary between 2 m to 25mm. They will hardly occur around the edges of a slab. The cracks create a weakness in the concrete and possess the capacity of further widening as a result of subsequent thermal movement.

6 Important Tips to Minimise Plastic Shrinkage Cracking

Described below are some important tips to minimise plastic shrinkage cracking in concrete:

1. You should erect temporary windbreaks:

When the wind blows at a higher velocity, it may significantly impact the water evaporation rate from the concrete being placed. It will likely cause plastic shrinkage cracking of the concrete. In order to prevent this, you may opt for erecting temporary windbreaks. This will help in reducing wind speed at the surface of the concrete.

2. Sunshades:

When you are constructing concrete slabs, the option of providing sunshades over the concrete slabs will prove helpful. It will aid in controlling and bringing down the surface temperature of the slab.

3. Effective placement timing:

During extreme hot weather conditions, it is not ideal to erect the concrete during the afternoon. If you do so it may cause plastic shrinkage cracks as a result of water loss. Therefore, it is ideal to schedule concrete placement in the morning or evening time, this just allows you more control over the concrete temperature.

4. Opt for fog sprays:

During scalding hot weather conditions, the wind tends to be extremely hot and unbearable. You should opt for fog sprays to spray fog in the hot air on the concrete surface as it helps to reduce the evaporation rate from the concrete surface. You should spray fog towards the opposite direction the wind is blowing.

5. Try dampening subgrade:

When the construction of concrete pavement is underway during hot weather conditions, you should dampen the subgrade as it is responsible for water absorption from the concrete, however, it is important to note that subgrade should never be excessively damp.  Steel suppliers in Brisbane will help you minimise plastic shrinkage cracking.

6. Use evaporation retarder:

As we are aware that surfaces may dry earlier than anticipated when the evaporation rate is higher than the bleeding rate. You can consider spraying an evaporation retarder like aliphatic alcohol on the concrete surface. These types of products help in forming a fill on the surface that reduces the evaporation rate of water. It also provides time for all the bleed water to move towards the surface. In extremely hot weather conditions, you may have to consider re-application of evaporation retarder.

Conclusion:

The above ways will help you minimise plastic shrinkage cracking. You may get in touch with reinforcing mesh in Brisbane to tackle the situation effectively. Do not forget to avail adequate manpower, devices, and supplies to ensure that concrete can be placed and finished instantly.